“Halabja is the biggest tragedy after Hiroshima”
BINGOL - Assoc. Dr. Hemin Omar Ahmad pointed out that the Halabja massacre was the biggest human tragedy after Hiroshima and Nagasak, said that the massacre that took place in front of the world public opinion, remained silent.
Bingöl University, Faculty of Science and Literature, Kurdish Language and Literature Department instructor Assoc. Dr. Hemin Omar Ahmad spoke to ILKHA on the occasion of the anniversary of the massacre of the Halabja on March 16, noted that the massacre of Halabja was the greatest human tragedy after Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
As a man of the same region, Assoc. Dr. Ahmad describes the past and present of the massacre of Halabja, reminded that Halabja was an Ottoman district until the end of the 19th century.
Ahmad said that Halabja is an Iraqi Kurdistan city that is 10 kilometers away from Iran and 80 kilometers away from Sulaymaniyah city, said that there were also great scholars such as Mevlana Khalid-i Bagdadi in Halabja, as well as Islamic movements.
Along with the establishment of Iraq, until 1960 and 1970 years, insurrection took place in Halabja said Asst. Assoc. Dr. Admad, “Halabja was a city that resists against injustices and tyrannies of Saddam and the Baath party. It was a city of some insurrections during the Saddam and Ba'ath party periods because of its Islamic structure. There was also an uprising against Saddam in Halabja right before the massacre.”
Ahmad pointed out that during the Iran and Iraq war between 1980 and 1988, Muslim Kurds were subjected to great suffering and persecution, added that this persecution continued increasingly during the Baath and Saddam era.
“Five thousand Kurdish villages were demolished and destroyed in the Iran and Iraq war”
Assoc. Dr. Hemin Omar Admad continued his speech: "Before the Halabja massacre, Saddam tossed chemically bomb to two villages of Erbil, caused 150 people to die. No one knows about these villages and was not on the agenda. Shaywassen and Barisan villagers. Around 5 thousand Kurdish villages which were at the border of Iran-Iraq were destroyed and burned and evacuated. The goal of Ba’ath and Saddam to evacuate all the villages in this region, including Halabja. Kurds who were living in those villages would be displaced and forced to live in cities.”
“When there was a chemical attack, 5 to 6 thousand people lived in Halapja"
Ahmad tells about the day on March 16, 1988 when the massacre happened, "When there was a chemical attack, about 5 to 6 thousand people lived in Halabja. When war crafts arrived, people smelled an apple-smelling scent. People do not understand what this is. 5 thousand people lose their lives in a few minutes due to chemical attack. Some wounded had fled to Iran. Children remained parentless. Some children are said to be lost. A lot of families completely destroyed in the chemical attack. People who died in the massacre of Halabja were buried together with their clothes.”
Stating that the chemical weapons used in Halabja were given by Germany and European countries, Ahmad emphasized that these countries knew Saddam will use on his own people in case gave these weapons.
“The biggest tragic event after the events of Halabja, Hiroshima and Nagasaki”
Ahmad underlined that the Halabja massacre was one of the greatest tragedies in history, “Halabja is the biggest tragedy after the events of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Saddam carried out this massacre in front of the whole world but necessary reaction was showed. Affection of chemical attack still continues and people still lose their lives because of it. Even the European countries and the European Court of Human Rights have seen the situation stood idle and their reaction were only a few words.”
“The Halabja people know who and whom they are in this massacre”
"People of Halabja want the Halabja to be seen as a symbol in order to prevent this event not experience by other societies. People of Halabja know who and whom the victim of this massacre are. Everyone sees the end of those who carried out this massacre. (Bülent Temiz - ILKHA)